H2O templates not working with functions (method calls)

I love Django. And I love its template engine. It’s simply awesome, and template inheritance is such a powerful tool!

So, when I started developing in PHP with CodeIgniter, I hated its views and templates from the very beginning. Every second I dreamt of using Django views… And then I thought “Then I’ll code such an engine for PHP mysel!”

But, hey, are you mad? What are you thinking about? I don’t have time for that, and I don’t want to spend my time doing that, either. The first thing you should do is look up on the internet if there’s something like that!

And I found H2O (among others) and started using it. And happiness came to my life! …Until I realized I couldn’t evaluate method calls in the templates (although the syntax supports that).

So, if a class Field has a method widget_html(), and an instance variable field of class Field is visible from the template, this wouldn’t work:

{{ field.widget_html|safe }}

But why? If that’s supported by the syntax! After digging a bit on the internet (well, I didn’t have to dig that much; it was the second result), I found the solution on Stack Overflow. The issue is due to H2O needing to be told what methods are safe to be called from the templating language, and the way to do that is add an attribute to you class (in this case Field) where you specify the method names that are suitable for being called from the templates:

class Field {
    var $h2o_safe = array('label_html', 'widget_html');
    // ...

where we’re telling H2O that both methods label_html and widget_html of class Field are safe to be called.

Issue with dropdown login form in Bootstrap navbar and tooltip plugin

I’m designing a web site using Bootstrap and I wanted to add a navbar to the top of the page which shows a link to log in and a link to sign up. The sign up link would just lead you to the sign up page, but the log in link should actually reveal a dropdown menu with a log in form, so that you don’t have to load another page to log in.

I tried to write that log in form myself, but it didn’t look pretty well, so I decided to look up some recipe on the internet, and I found this: Adding a Drop Down Login Form to Bootstrap’s Navbar.

After adapting it a bit, I got this piece of code for the navbar and the log in form:

<ul class="nav pull-right">
    <li><a href="#">Profile</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">Settings</a></li>
    <li class="divider-vertical"></li>
    <li class="dropdown">
        <a href="#" class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown">
            Log in
            <b class="caret"></b>
        <div class="dropdown-menu">
            <form action="/user/login" method="post" accept-charset="UTF-8">
                <input id="username" class="text" type="text" name="username"
                    size="30" placeholder="User name" />
                <input id="password" class="text" type="password" name="password"
                    size="30" placeholder="Password" />
                <input id="remember_me" class="remember" type="checkbox"
                    name="remember_me" value="1" />
                <label class="string optional"
                    for="remember_me"> Keep my session open
                    <i id="login_form_help" class="icon-question-sign" rel="tooltip" title="If you mark this option, we'll keep your session open, so that you won't have to enter your login data again in 30 days. After 30 days without entering the website, you'll have to login again."></i>
                <input class="btn btn-primary" type="submit" name="submit"
                    value="Log in" />
        <a href="/user/signup">Sign up</a>

However, I wanted to add a beautiful tooltip to the checkbox, so that it provides useful help for the inexperienced internet users. I decided to use Bootstrap’s tooltip plugin, and place a beautiful Bootstrap question mark icon, but I suddenly ran into an issue: when you hover the question mark with your mouse, the tooltip will be displayed, but beneath the dropdown menu, not on the top of it.

There’s been some discussion on this very same placement issue with tooltips, but only related to modals, not to dropdown menus:

And, thus, there is this simple and clean solution for that issue with tooltips and modals.

But, again, there’s no solution for dropdowns. So here it comes the solution for tooltips and dropdowns:

Fix issue when showing tooltip in navbar login form: tooltip appears underneath the login form
Inspired by https://github.com/twitter/bootstrap/commit/12d3c2fe74bbe2570e47a2c8d7154a3011bd0770

.dropdown-menu {
    z-index: 2050;

.tooltip {
    z-index: 2070;

Notice that using the .dropdown-menu .tooltip selector for the second CSS rule will actually not work, because the tooltip is added as a child of the body tag, not as a child of the navbar or the dropdown.

PS: I ran into this issue when using Safari to view the page, but I wasn’t trying any other browser at that time. However, when I tried on jsFiddle without the two CSS rules above, the issue didn’t appear anymore. Weird!